Although she turned years old on August 4, , she continued to carry out official duties. In , for instance, she attended 58 official engagements. They had two daughters, Elizabeth, the present queen, and Margaret, who died Feb. The new monarchs were extremely popular, especially during World War II. Even during the darkest days of the Blitz, the Queen remained in London, enduring hardships and dangers like the rest of the population.
Buckingham Palace was bombed in , although no one was hurt. In warm afternoon sunshine, as the National Anthem was performed by massed military bands, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra and a choir of a thousand singers, Queen Elizabeth, dressed in pink, arrived with her grandson the Prince of Wales in a landau escorted by the Household Cavalry.
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After she had inspected the troops, she and the Prince sat on a flower-bedecked dais though she stood much of the time to watch the parade together. Then came a cavalcade of the century, a light-hearted look at the hundred years she had lived through; more of a circus than a parade, it included children and adults, with a variety of stars.
Among the scenes and players who passed in front of her were soldiers of the First World War, ballroom dancers from the s, a Second World War fire engine and ambulance, Pearly Kings and Queens from the East End of London, and people in s dress celebrating victory in After this eclectic depiction of the previous ten decades, representatives of of the more than civil organizations, charities and other groups with which Queen Elizabeth was associated marched past her.
There were more animals: camels ridden by members of the Worshipful Company of Grocers, whose emblem is a camel , horses, an Aberdeen Angus bull, North Country Cheviot sheep, chickens, racehorses. Everyone in the stands stood up as these brave men and women passed. And all the while the bands and the orchestra played on and the choirs sang. Three hundred children from the Chicken Shed Company danced. Altogether some 2, military personnel and more than 5, civilians celebrated on Horse Guards Parade.
Two weeks later, on the morning of her actual hundredth birthday, 4 August, a large crowd gathered outside her London home, Clarence House. In front of the crowd the royal postman, Tony Nicholls, delivered her the traditional message sent by the Queen to all her subjects who reach their hundredth birthday. The Queen Mother started to open it and then passed it to her equerry. Captain William de Rouet unsheathed his ceremonial blade and slit the envelope open.
The Prince was deeply moved by the rapturous reception for his beloved grandmother. She waved to the crowds as she had first waved after her marriage in and, most famously, on Victory in Europe VE Day in May As the Band of the Coldstream Guards played Happy Birthday and the crowd roared its approval, she was joined by twenty-seven of her children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, nephews, nieces and many of their spouses. In her long life the world had undergone technological change with unprecedented speed, and political transformations of exceptional violence.
It had moved from the age of travel by horse to that of travel through space. Many other European kings and queens had subsequently departed their thrones. Queen Elizabeth had come to terms with massive changes — loss of empire, the growth of a modern multi-racial Commonwealth of newly independent states in Asia and Africa, and a social revolution in Britain itself which had begun with the first majority Labour government elected in The British monarchy was not isolated from the political and social changes.
Indeed the abdication in was a self-inflicted wound from which it might not have recovered. It had adapted itself, and it had survived; more than that, it had retained the consent of the people essential to constitutional monarchy.
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This adaptation was largely due to the efforts of successive sovereigns and their advisers. But a key question, explored in this book, is the extent to which the consent necessary for its survival was generated by the woman who was for almost eighty years at its heart — as Duchess of York, Queen and Queen Mother. The links between Britain and Singapore are as strong as ever, and our future relationship is bright indeed.
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Australia in the course of my lifetime has firmly established itself amongst the most respected nations of the world. It was universally agreed that the Opera House was something more than a performing arts centre, more than a great work of architecture. I have vivid and happy memories of my visit to Brazil with Prince Philip in , especially the warmth and hospitality of the Brazilian people. I remember the bonfires along the coastline as we arrived and the enthusiastic welcome we received as guests of your grandfather, King Haakon.
Atrocities such as these simply reinforce our sense of community, our humanity, and our trust in the rule of law. That is the clear message from us all. My mother once said that this country felt like a "home away from home" for the Queen of Canada. Ladies and gentlemen, six decades later it still does Bearing the cipher of Queen Victoria as well as my own, this stone is presented to the First Nations University of Canada.cohenpipe.com/images/490/2008.php
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Prince Philip and I are happy to be in Guernsey on this sixtieth anniversary of liberation and to have joined in the Service of Thanksgiving. I hope this Colour will be a symbol of the Fleet's enduring spirit and devotion to duty in times of stress and danger.
Your new building, which is so clearly based on ideas of openness and accessibility, will provide an exciting forum for Londoners as your debates ebb and flow. I thank you for the support you are giving me and my family as we come to terms with her death and the void she has left in our midst.
Biography of the Queen Mother
The Royal Warrant of Appointment is an ancient and honourable institution. It symbolises excellence. Whatever may lie ahead, I declare again here tonight that my admiration, affection and regard for the people of Australia will remain, as it has been over these past fifty years, constant, sure and true. New Zealand is working to improve and strengthen all the various relationships between Maori and the Crown. It is both a privilege and a pleasure to have served as Queen of New Zealand for these fifty years.
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